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Non-Alignment: MEANING OF NON-ALIGNMENT – I

Non-Alignment: MEANING OF NON-ALIGNMENT – INon-alignment was defined by George Schwarzenberger as ‘a policy of keeping out of alliances.’ Elaborating this Prof. Mahendra Kumar says that non-alignment is ‘dissociation from the Cold War.’ Schwarzenberger mentioned six concepts which are often used for non-alignment. They are...
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Non-Alignment: MEANING OF NON-ALIGNMENT

The concept of non-alignment is directly related to the Cold War. The world was divided into two power blocs by the time the process of decolonization commenced. When India became independent in 1947, the existence of the American Bloc and Soviet Bloc had already become...
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NEW WORLD DISORDER: Gorbachev wrote with anguish (1995)

Gorbachev wrote with anguish (1995) that the world leaders ‘who consider themselves entitled to manage the globe demonstrate…an amazing lack of foresight and righteous stubbornness’ as they lurch from one crisis to another. The hopes of the new world order in the post-Cold War period...
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NEW WORLD DISORDER: the Cold War ended, at the end of 1989,

When the Cold War ended, at the end of 1989, it was expected that an ideal world, based on understanding, cooperation, disarmament and peace would emerge. As one of the bloc leaders (Soviet Union) disintegrated and possibility of a unipolar world was being discussed, it...
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First Major Crisis after the Cold War – II

Meanwhile, President Saddam Hussein offered to release the hostages on condition that the UN guaranteed US withdrawal of all allied forces from the region or if the US President Bush gave in writing a ‘clear, unequivocal commitment’ to withdraw all allied forces from the region...
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Gulf War: First Major Crisis after the Cold War

The first major international crisis after the Cold War occurred in West Asia during 1990–91. The attack by Iraq on neighbouring oil-rich Kuwait, conquest and annexation of Kuwait into Iraq as its 19th province marked the first phase of the crisis. When all efforts to...
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Peace Process in West Asia

Ever since Israel was created in 1948, the Palestinians in particular and Arabs in general adopted a hostile attitude towards the Jewish state. The birth of Israel had uprooted a large number of Palestinians who were forced to live as displaced persons out of their...
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END OF THE COLD WAR – I

Reagan had also dreamt of freeing the world from the fear of nuclear war. He and Gorbachev worked hard, met at summit level four times in four years and finally concluded a treaty to destroy certain types of intermediate level ballistic missiles. At one stage...
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END OF THE COLD WAR

The Cold War had begun at a time when the Allies, including the US and USSR, had successfully defeated Nazi Germany and her Axis partners. The world had expected lasting friendship among the victors when they split and formed two hostile camps. The Cold War...
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