Gulf War: First Major Crisis after the Cold War

The first major international crisis after the Cold War occurred in West Asia during 1990–91. The attack by Iraq on neighbouring oil-rich Kuwait, conquest and annexation of Kuwait into Iraq as its 19th province marked the first phase of the crisis. When all efforts to...
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Peace Process in West Asia

Ever since Israel was created in 1948, the Palestinians in particular and Arabs in general adopted a hostile attitude towards the Jewish state. The birth of Israel had uprooted a large number of Palestinians who were forced to live as displaced persons out of their...
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END OF THE COLD WAR – I

Reagan had also dreamt of freeing the world from the fear of nuclear war. He and Gorbachev worked hard, met at summit level four times in four years and finally concluded a treaty to destroy certain types of intermediate level ballistic missiles. At one stage...
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END OF THE COLD WAR

The Cold War had begun at a time when the Allies, including the US and USSR, had successfully defeated Nazi Germany and her Axis partners. The world had expected lasting friendship among the victors when they split and formed two hostile camps. The Cold War...
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Nature of the New Cold War

The New Cold War was different from the old Cold War in certain respects. While the original Cold War was largely based on ideological conflict between communism and capitalism, the New Cold War was essentially the struggle for balance of power. It was mainly a...
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Soviet Intervention in Afghanistan

Tension was developing between the East and the West after the Helsinki Summit, 1975. The areas of tension, as pointed out above, were generally outside Europe. However, the Cold War returned with the Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan. The West described the Soviet action as...
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NEW COLD WAR: Helsinki Conference, 1975

The process of detente was at its peak at the time of the Helsinki Conference, 1975. But, after that it lost its momentum. Relations between the US and the Soviet Union again became so sore that by 1980 it appeared that the Cold War had...
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THE HELSINKI CONFERENCE AND ITS FINAL ACT

The Cold War had subsided when on the first day of annual session of UN General Assembly in 1973 both the Germanys were admitted. The famous Helsinki Summit of 35 countries in 1975, and the signing of its Final Act, was regarded, for the time...
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Progress of Détente – I

The central element in the policy of detente was normalization in Europe. The tension began to ease towards the end of 1960s. The most significant was the problem of two Germanys and of Berlin. The change in the government of West Germany in 1969 helped...
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